Chapter 2.22 - Overweight and Obesity
In this chapter, Dr. Donache presents Complementary/Alternative Medical (C.A.M.) Therapies for the prevention and treatment of obesity, or being overweight.
The chapter includes an overview of the disease's symptoms, conventional treatment methods, and alternative therapies, including Bio-Energetic therapies, Bodywork and Movement therapies, and Mental / Emotional treatments.
This chapter is taken from Dr. Donache's upcoming book, Finding Balance - Integrating Complementary/Alternative Medical (C.A.M.) Therapies for the Prevention of the Top 30 Diseases in America. Each section of chapter 2, which describes alternative treatments for each of the top diseases, is available as a download on this website.
Table of Contents
Glossary of Terms Used in this Chapter
Additional Disease Descriptions and Treatments Available for Download
Table of Contents
- ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT
- OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY
- CONVENTIONAL APPROACHES
- Treatment and Management
- Weight Loss Goals
- Eating Right
- How To Find Your Neutral Position
- Changing Bad Habits
- Treating Severe Obesity
- Issues and Answers
- C.A.M. THERAPIES
- BIO-ENERGETIC THERAPIES
BODYWORK AND MOVEMENT THERAPIES
- Nutrition and Supplements
- Enzymatic Therapies
- Rainforest and Western Herbs
- Rainforest Herbs
- Western Herbs
- Homeopathic Remedies
- Essential Oils
MENTAL AND EMOTIONAL SUPPORT
- Therapeutic Bodywork and Massage
- Traditional Chinese Medicine
- Hatha Yoga Postures
- PRODUCT ORDERING INFORMATION
- GLOSSARY OF TERMS
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One of every three American are 20% or more overweight. The best way to lose weight - and virtually the only way to maintain weight loss - is to adopt a healthier, more active lifestyle.
Although many people consider themselves merely "overweight," the medical term is "obese." Compared with people of average weight, obese people are at higher risk of developing such medical conditions as: heart disease; high blood pressure; elevated cholesterol, diabetes; and joint problems. Doctors define obesity as an excess amount of body fat. There are several ways to classify obesity. For example, some doctors use the following:
DEGREE OF OBESITY:
- Mild 10 - 20 lbs. of excess weight
- Moderate 20 - 40 lbs. of excess weight
- Significant 40 - 60 lbs. of excess weight
- Severe Over 60 lbs.
Compared with people of average weight, obese people are at higher risk of developing such medical conditions as:
- Heart Disease
- High Blood Pressure
- Elevated Cholesterol
- Joint Problems (hips, knees and ankles)
- Colon Cancer
A study by the U.S. Department of Agriculture showed that one of every four teenagers carries enough excess weight to put him or her at a high risk of these and other health problems later in life - regardless of whether the individual slims down as an adult. How much a person weighs is only part of the story, however. Perhaps more important than weight is the percentage of fat in the body. For healthy women, fat can account for as much as 25 percent of body weight; while 17 percent is the healthy percentage for men. Women's bodies are designed to carry a higher proportion of fat tissue to ensure that there is plenty of fuel for pregnancy and nursing, even if food is scarce.
Obesity is essentially a disorder of energy balance -- the balance between the amount of energy taken in and the amount of energy the body burns. Energy is measured in calories. If you take in more calories than your body burns off, the excess calories will be stored as fat. The average person has 30 to 40 billion fat cells, called adipocytes, in the body. Fat is stored as triglycerides, and fat cells can expand to twice their original size before stimulating the development of new fat cells. As fat cells get full, this stimulates the development of tiny new fat cells (preadipocytes) by a process called cell hyperplasia. As a person loses weight, fat cells deflate and shrink, but never go away! This process is knows as cell hypertrophy.
The basic arithmetic of weight loss is that each pound of body fat is worth 3,500 calories. Thus, to lose 1 pound a week (a safe, reasonable goal), you must tip the calorie consumption/expenditure balance in your favor by 500 calories each day. To maintain weight loss, calculate how many calories you need daily by multiplying your weight by 10. Then add 30 percent of that amount to the result.
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Glossary of Terms
- Flexible, balloon-shaped cells that expand to store excess fat.
- Behavior Modification
- A program to change harmful habits; in weight loss, this may involve learning new ways to determine when, what and how much to eat.
- Bioelectric Impedance Analysis (BIA)
- A test in which a mild electric current is used to determine the amount of body fat.
- Cell Hyperplasia
- A process in which the number of cells increases.
- Cell Hypertrophy
- A process in which cells expand, sometimes to more than twice their original size.
Cholesterol A material found in foods of animal origin, often in high-fat foods; in the human body, cholesterol is necessary for some cell functions, but excess quantities can build up in the arteries and cause coronary artery disease.
- A condition in which the body cannot use sugar properly; sometimes triggered by obesity.
Obesity Excess amount of body fat.
- Fat cells that are produced when a person's existing fat cells become to full.
- Resting Metabolic Rate
- The amount of energy a person needs while at rest for basic body functions, such as breathing and heartbeat.
- Skinfold Test
- A test to determine the location and amount of body fat; instruments are used to grasp and measure the thickness of a fold of skin in several locations on a person's body.
- A chemical structure of the excess fats stored in fat cells, or adipocytes.
- Underwater Weighing
- A means of determining the percentage of total body fat by comparing weight on land to weight under water; its availability is usually limited to universities and research facilities.
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